We really like the Discovery Channel documentaries, “How things are made”. And we believe that if the general public would know How a Shoe is Made, it will be fascinated by this essential garment.

It’s only two years ago when we decided to get on board this great adventure and we had no idea how complicated the shoe world is. Creating a shoe is super complex, much more than what we ever imagine. And thinking about it, why not explaining in simple words this wonderful complexity, and all parties will benefit, from schools to specialized magazines from the shoe sector: consumers will benefit from having more information, companies will obtain better recognition from informed consumers and in schools there will be more motivated students wanting to learn about this beautiful trade. By writing this article on How a Shoe is Made, we do our bit to help!

Are you ready? After reading all the steps for making a shoe, we guarantee you will not see your shoes in the same way!

These are the 10 basic pieces that one shoe is made of, without taking into account ornaments and decorations:

  1. Exterior material
  2. Lining
  3. Heel Counter
  4. Insole
  5. Welted Sole
  6. Insole Toe Reinforcement
  7. Pressed, shaped heel counter
  8. Shim
  9. Outsole
  10. Heel


To start with and so you have a basic idea of the whole process, each piece is made by a different supplier. Imagine the complexity in coordinating 10 different suppliers for making just one shoe! If one supplier is not on time, the shoe cannot be manufactured.

We enumerate hereafter, the steps for manufacturing one shoe. In each step, a different person works. In total, at least nine people are necessary to manufacture one shoe.

First: the design is created

And the shoe modeller adapts it to the chosen shim. We create the original model, generally in a size 37. Once we have tested the model validity, we prepare the footwear scale to develop the other sizes.

Second: the exterior material, lining and heel countered are cut

This work needs special attention and accuracy. The three parts are essential in clients’ final experience of the shoe: it affects the direct contact of the skin with the shoe and provides a certain feeling when walking.

Third: stitch up of the shoe

The three elements mentioned in the previous step (exterior material, lining and heel countered) are sew together. This is also a key step as a perfect sewing of each part will provide maximum durability of the shoe.

Fourth: Tacking

The exterior material, lining and heel countered previously sewed are now fixed together, this is called the overshoe. Between the exterior material and the lining, the insole toe reinforcement and the pressed, shaped heel counter, are placed. Now, it starts looking something as a shoe!

Fifth: the insole is cut to adapted to the shim

And the identity of our shoes is achieved by stamping the logo of the brand! Some brands choose to put the logo on additional fabric which is then sewed or glued onto the insole. At Momoc, for sustainability reasons, the logo is stamped directly on the insole, like that we use less materials so generating less waste.

Sixth: the welted sole is placed

It is the piece which is just underneath the insole. Depending on the model, the border of the welted sole needs to be covered. For example, in the La Mouette Burgundy model, the borders of the welted sole are covered on pure white ecological leather.

Once the six previous steps are finished, our shoes are now ready to be assembled

The first step of the assembly line is to put the welted sole underneath the shim and on top of the shim the overshoe, it is then adapted to the form of the shim. Afterwards, the welted sole, its edges slightly covered with the overshoe, is marked to indicate where to sand down. So, the next step is to sand down and then to place the outsole.

The shoes are nearly ready!

Only three more steps to go: the shoe is taken out of the shim; the heel is screw onto the welted sole and the insole is finally placed.

Final step! The shoes are cleaned to leave them spotless so you can enjoy original models, made with love and care since the very first moment. That is why we choose Spanish suppliers who adore the shoe world and that makes the difference in our shoes!

Lastly, the shoes are introduced in their packaging

Each pair of Momoc shoes are wrapped in recycled silk paper and placed in our ecological cotton bags, ready to make your day a delicious one!

You want to see the action? In the following link we show you how the sandal Sable is assembled: Behind the Scene. Enjoy!

Please do not hesitate to write to us at momoc@momocshoes.com for suggestions on a sustainable lifestyle or topic you would like to have more information about. And if you want to stay tuned, Subscribe to our #planetblog!

Thank you for reading us and Cheers!

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